HOME ABOUT CONTACT AVAILABLE ISSUES SUBSCRIBE MEDIA & ADS CONFERENCE CALENDAR
LATEST UPDATES » Volume 20, No. 8, August 2016 – Novel Technologies for Antibody Drug Discovery in Japan       » Global Experts Convene to Discuss China's Plan for Diabetes Prevention and Rehabilitation in 2016       » Butterflies Offer Climate Scientists Ecological Insights       » Thermal Stability of Camelid Single Domain VHH Antibody       » That Gut Feeling: How A Healthy Digestive System Has Everything To Do With It       » World Heart Day - At the Heart of Health      
BIOBOARD - EUROPE
Understanding heart failure at the cellular level
A team of researchers at the University of Florence in Italy and the University of Connecticut Health Center have used a multidisciplinary approach to provide an unprecedented glimpse of what happens to the heart during an "infarction" — a heart attack — by looking at how the attack affects electrical activity and calcium release in heart cells.

"Thanks to this method, we found electrical abnormalities and non-homogenous calcium release across failing cells," explained Claudia Crocini, who presented the research at the 58th Annual Biophysical Society Meeting. "Our findings provide insight on the relationship between heart failure and asynchronous calcium release, a major determinant of cardiac contractile dysfunction and arrhythmias."

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for a quarter of all American deaths each year and costing the healthcare system more than $100 billion annually. According to the American Heart Association, there are 5.7 million Americans who are living with heart failure and 670,000 new cases are diagnosed annually.

Seeking to understand what happens to heart cells during heart failure, Crocini and her colleagues took a multidisciplinary approach involving physicists and biologists that made it possible to study the two main features of cardiac cells, voltage and calcium release, during heart failure with an unprecedented temporal and spatial resolution.

To clarify the link between electrical abnormalities and calcium-dependent arrhythmias, the team combined the advantages of an ultrafast random access multi-photon (RAMP) microscope with a double staining approach to optically record action potential and, simultaneously, the corresponding local Ca2+-transient in different positions across the cardiac cells.

Both beat-to-beat and spatial variability of Ca2+-transient kinetics were increased in heart failure. Through simultaneous recording of AP and Ca2+-transient the team was able to probe the spatio-temporal variability of Ca2+-release, disclosing an unexpected uncoupling between membrane depolarization and Ca2+-release in heart failure.

"While there is not a direct bench-to-bedside connection for this research, it is only by studying the basic pathomechanisms of heart failure that we can even begin to think about new diagnostic or treatment approaches," said Crocini.

Click here for the complete issue.

NEWS CRUNCH  
news CPhI's Pre-Connect Congress outlines current trends in pharma
news World Population Day 2016
news NUS Student Clinches Top Prize at National Smart Mapping Competition with Cutting-Edge Food Security Solution
PR NEWSWIRE  
Asia Pacific Biotech News
EDITORS' CHOICE  

Lady Ganga: Nilza'S Story
COLUMNS  
Subscribe to APBN E-Newsletter
Find us under 'Others' option to receive APBN e-newsletters thrice a month!

APBN Editorial Calendar 2016
January:
Guest Editorial - Biotechnology In Korea
February:
Guest Editorial - Biomedical Research Governance
March:
Guest Editorial - Life-Saving Opportunities: A Guide to Regenerative Medicine
April:
Leading-Edge ONCOLOGY
May:
Healthcare Systems & Policies in Asia
June:
Medical Devices & Healthcare Technology
July:
Water Technology and Management
August:
Novel Technologies for Antibody Drug Discovery in Japan
September:
Infectious Diseases
October:
Medical Tourism
November:
Big Data in Healthcare
December:
Evidence-based TCM
Editorial calendar is subjected to changes.
– Editor: Carmen, Jia Wen Loh
MAGAZINE TAGS
About Us
Events
Available issues
Editorial Board
Letters to Editor
Instructions to Authors
Advertise with Us
CONTACT
World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
5 Toh Tuck Link, Singapore 596224
Tel: 65-6466-5775
Fax: 65-6467-7667
» For Editorial Enquiries:
   biotech_edit@wspc.com or Ms Carmen
» For Subscriptions, Advertisements &
   Media Partnerships Enquiries:
   biotech_ad@wspc.com or Mr Edward
Copyright© 2016 World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd  •  Privacy Policy