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EYE ON CHINA
Improvements to Modelling Method to Better Understand Carbon-Nitrogen Flux
Scientists from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences publish results of improvements made to a land surface model that allows better simulation of the carbon-nitrogen flux.

A long with Europe and North America, East Asia has in the past few decades become one of the three largest nitrogen deposition centres in the world. This can lead to considerable impact on the structure and function of ecosystems; for instance, excessive nitrogen is thought to be one of the drivers of biodiversity change across the globe; and nitrogen deposition can also cause acidification of soils and water. Consequently, it is important to study the carbon-nitrogen cycle in East Asia.

Professor Dan Li from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and his colleagues, incorporated the full nitrogen cycle which include deposition, mineralization, immobilization, biological fixation, nitrification, denitrification, volatilization, and leaching of nitrogen into a land surface model known as Atmosphere-Vegetation Interaction Model (AVIM). This model was designed and developed by Chinese scientists and was one of the earliest models to consider the dynamical process of vegetation. The latest version of AVIM has been run for the China region for the period 1979 to 2015 at a resolution of 10 kilometres, and the results have been recently published inAtmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters.

According to this study, gross primary production and net primary production are simulated well by AVIM across China when compared to carbon flux data from MODIS and the ensemble mean data of TRENDY (Trends in Net Land-atmosphere Carbon Exchange). The nitrogen deposition and biological fixation are also reasonable well simulated at the regional scale. However, the variation in carbon and nitrogen fluxes shows discrepancies in the different datasets and in AVIM, which highlights the complexity and importance of coupling nitrogen with the carbon cycle into land surface models in East Asian monsoon regions.

“The variation by standard deviation and anomaly will be the benchmark to improve the carbon-nitrogen interaction in the future, which can decrease the uncertainty in simulating the carbon-nitrogen flux and improve the land-air interaction at regional scales,” said Professor Dan.

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